Treatment for opioid use disorder is a process that should be carefully managed by a patient and their health care team. This is especially true for women who are pregnant or have newborn children. Fortunately, medication-assisted treatment can be provided during pregnancy and after childbirth and this is often the safest treatment with the best outcome for baby and mother. To assist patients and care provides with learning about options and planning the treatment that is best for other and baby, SAMHSA has published Healthy Pregnancy Healthy Baby fact sheets.
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Opioid use disorder is one of the most serious public health challenges facing our nation, affecting nearly 2.4 million Americans in 2015. Unfortunately, many who need treatment are not receiving it.
In the United States, the profile of opioid misuse and opioid use disorder is changing. Nonmedical use of prescription opioids has become as significant a problem as heroin use. In 2013, approximately 4.5 million people reported nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers in the past month and 289,000 reported use of heroin in the past month. Despite the enormity of the problem, the vast majority of people with an opioid use disorder do not receive medication-assisted treatment (MAT) because of limited treatment capacity, financial obstacles, social bias, and other barriers to care.